FCI-Standard N° 343  / 06. 06. 2007/ GB

ITALIAN CORSO DOG
(Cane Corso Italiano)

fci standaard fotoa

 

TRANSLATION
Dr. Antonio Morsiani, Dr. J.-M. Paschoud and Prof. R. Triquet.

ORIGIN
Italy.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD :
21.05.2007.

UTILIZATION   
Guard-, protection-, police-and tracking dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. 
Group    2    Pinscher and Schnauzer,             Molossian and Swiss             Mountain- and Cattledogs.
        Section    2.1    Molosside breeds, Mastiff
                type.
    Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Its direct ancestor is the old Roman Molossian.  Formerly scattered all over Italy, in the recent past, the breed was only prevalent in the Province Apulia and in the adjacent regions of Southern Italy.  His name derives from the Latin « cohors », which means « protector, guardian of the farmyard ».

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Medium to large-sized.  Robust and sturdy, nevertheless elegant.  Lean, powerful muscles.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
The  length of the head reaches 36 % of the height at withers.  The dog is somewhat longer than high.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
Guardian of property, family and livestock; extremely agile and responsive.  In the past, it has been used for herding cattle and hunting big game.

HEAD
Large and typically molossoid.  The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle converge slightly.

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Wide; at the zygomatic arches its witdh is equal to or greater than its length.  Convex in front, it becomes fairly flat behind the forehead as far as the occiput.  The medio-frontal furrow is visible.
Stop : Marked.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black and large with ample, open nostrils, on the same line as the nasal bridge    .
Muzzle : Noticeably shorter than the skull (ratio muzzle : skull approximately 1 : 2).  Strong, square; the front part of the muzzle is flat; the lateral surfaces are parallel; the muzzle is as wide as long.  The profile of the nasal bridge is straight.
Lips : The upper lips hang moderately and cover the mandible, so that the lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the lips.
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws very large, thick and curved.  Slightly undershot.  Level bite acceptable, but not sought after.
Eyes : Medium-sized, ovoid, looking directly forward, slightly protruding.  Eyelids close fitting.  Colour of iris as dark as possible, depending from the colour of the coat.  Expression keen and attentive.
Ears : Triangular, drooping, with a wide set on high above the zygomatic arches.  Often cropped in the shape of an equilateral triangle.

NECK
Strong, muscular, as long as the head.

BODY
The body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers.  Sturdily built, but not squat.
Withers : Pronounced, rising above the level of the croup.
Back : Rectilinear, very muscular and firm.
Loins : Short and strong.
Croup : Long, wide, slightly inclined.
Chest : Well developed in three dimensions, reaches to the elbow.

TAIL
Set on fairly high; very thick at the root. The tail is docked at the fourth vertebra.  In action carried high, but never curled nor erect

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders : Long, oblique, very muscular.
Upper arm : Strong.
Forearm : Straight, very strong.
Carpal joint and pasterns : Elastic.
Forefeet : Cat feet.

HINDQUARTERS
Upper thigh : Long, wide, back line of thigh convex.
Lower thigh : Strong, not fleshy.
Hocks  : Moderately angulated.
Metatarsals : Thick and sinewy.
Hindfeet : Slightly less compact than the forefeet.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  
Long stride, extended trot.  The preferred gait is the trot.

SKIN
Fairly thick, rather close fitting.

COAT:
HAIR
Short, shiny, very dense with a light undercoat.

COLOUR  
Black, lead-grey, slate-grey, light grey, light fawn; stag red and dark fawn; brindle (stripes on different shades of fawn or grey); in fawn coloured and brindle dogs the black or grey mask on the muzzle should not go beyond the line of the eyes.  A small white patch on the chest, on the tips of the feet and on the bridge of the nose is acceptable.

SIZE AND WEIGHT  
Height at withers :    Males    from 64 to 68 cm,
    females    from 60 to 64 cm.
    Tolerance of 2 cm more or less.
    
Weight :    Males    from 45 to 50 kg,
    females    from 40 to 45 kg.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
SEVERE FAULTS
Axes of muzzle and skull parallel or too converging; lateral surfaces of the muzzle converging.
Partial depigmentation of the nose.
Scissor bite; pronounced undershot mouth.
Ring-tail, tail in vertical position.
Permanent amble when trotting.
Over-or undersize.

ELIMINATING FAULTS
Aggressive or overly shy.
Axes of muzzle and skull diverging.
Total depigmentation of the nose.
Bridge of nose very hollow, rams’s nose.
Overshot mouth.
Partial or complete palpebral depigmentation.  Wall eye; strabism.
Tailless, short tail (docked or not).
Semi-long, smooth or fringed hair.
All colours not indicated in the standard; large white patches.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.